Milner Lab

Location and Contact Information

630 West 168 St
New York, NY 10032
United States

Principal Investigator

  • Profile Headshot
    • Director, Division of Pediatric Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology
    • Chief, Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology Services New York-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children Hospital

Members of the Milner Lab research the genetics and immunopathology of inborn disorders of the immune system, with the ultimate goal of identifying pathways relevant for diagnosis and treatment of both rare and common allergic and immunologic diseases. 

Project Areas

Discovery of Genetic Diseases Associated with Immune Dysregulation

We use a combination of genetics, functional genomics and ex vivo study of patient cells and tissues to establish novel disease associations between genes/variants and immune phenotypes. Examples of active research areas and previous publications:

Primary Atopic Disorders

Primary Immune Regulation Disorders

Allergic disease in monogenic immune disorders

Monogenic immune disorders in regular clinical settings

Small and large scale functional laboratory testing for diagnosis of immune disorders and elucidation of variants of unknown significance

Mechanisms of Allergy/Immunopathology and Novel Interventions in Primary Atopic Disorders and Primary Immune Regulation Disorders

Example active research areas and previous publications:

JAK/STAT signaling pathway

T-cell receptor signaling pathway

Hereditary Alpha Tryptasemia

The cell biology in monogenic disorders and atopic disease

Functional signaling abnormalities in common atopic and inflammatory conditions

A key focus of our lab is to establish what “hard-wired” differences in cellular signaling exist in cohorts of patients with allergic diseases. Given the preponderance of primary atopic disorders that are caused by antigen receptor and cytokine signaling abnormalities, and the overlap of these genotype/phenotype relationships with common settings, we aim to evaluate the pathways in larger cohorts of atopic patients to assess for detectable differences even in “common” diseases. Examples:

  • Rare biallelic IL6R loss of function mutations causing atopy and infection, while common IL6R polymorphisms associated with mild loss of IL-6 mediated signaling are associated with common atopic dermatitis and asthma.  
  • Rare loss of function mutations in MALT1 and CARD11 mutations lead to atopic disease, immune deficiency and immune dysregulation, while common CARD11 polymorphisms which lead to reduced CARD11 expression in lymphocytes are associated with asthma and atopic dermatitis; and a common MALT1 haplotype associated with reduced MALT1 expression in lymphocytes is associated with peanut allergy in genome wide association studies.